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English Literature - Romeo and Juliet

In English

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Jenna Davis

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Romeo Montague

The romantic and passionate young man who falls for Juliet

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English Literature - Romeo and Juliet - Details



50 questions
Romeo Montague
The romantic and passionate young man who falls for Juliet
Lord Montague
Romeo's father and enemy of the capulets. He is worried about Romeo's welfare.
Lady Montague
Romeo's Mother. She kills herself when Romeo is banished from Verona.
Romeo's cousin who aims to calm violence between families and distract Romeo from Rosaline.
Romeo's comedic but unpredictable best friend who does not believe in love.
Juliet Capulet
The intelligent and idealistic girl who falls for Romeo
Lord Capulet
Juliet's father and enemy of the Montague's. He initially cares for juliet but becomes violent when disobeyed.
Lady Capulet
Juliet's emotionally detached mother who also married young.
Juliet's proud and fierce cousin who is quick to violent action when he feels he is disrespected.
Friar Lawrence
The thoughtful Franciscan friar who is Romeo's father figure and a herb expert.
The nurse
Juliet's comedic best friend and confidante who has looked after Juliet since she was a baby.
Count paris
A powerful relation of the prince and suitor of Juliet.
Prince Escalus
The prince of Verona and relation of Mercutio and Paris. He is concerned about the violence in the streets.
Abram & Balthasar
Two minor Montague servants
Peter, Sampson & gregory
Three minor Capulet servants
The chaste woman who Romeo loves at the start of the play.
Context - 14th century italy
The play can be seen as a criticism of how blood was spilled over trivial issues.
Context - Religion
The play can be seen as a criticism of Catholicism and its rigid rules, outmoded theology and unreliable priests such as Friar Lawrence.
Context - Family and Honour
Shakespeare explores how the father's absolute power and the lack of bonds with parents led to conflict between generations. If you were challenged to a duel and you refused, you would be deemed a coward, thus damaging your honour and the status of your family.
Context - Male aggression
Males were considered 'weak' if they did not show aggression or violence towards others when necessary, especially when family honour was at stake.
Context - Patriarchal society and the position of women
Shakespeare explores the tragic consequences of what happens when a daughter challenges the patriarchal system. This is what marks Romeo and Juliet's love out as unique, and why Juliet's refusal to marry her father's choice, Paris, is so shocking - with such serious consequences.
Context - Belief in Fortune
The characters all express the belief that higher forces control the fate of human beings; however Shakespeare highlights that they may be too quick to reject personal responsibility, and that human error may well be partially responsible for the tragedy. Indeed, the play ends with the idea that social harmony is restored only when person responsibility is accepted.
Context - Belief in astrology: lives being "mapped out" in the stars
In the play, Shakespeare shows that no matter what the lovers do, what plans they make or how much they love each other, their struggles against Fate only help fulfil it. Romeo and Juliet's determination to struggle against Fate in order to be together, whether in life or death, shows the strength and commitment of their true love.
Context - Courtly love
Presents the male lover who views his lady as unattainable and effects/pretends to be love sick, in torturous suffering and pain, while the object of his love adopts a cool and disdainful attitude towards him. Shakespeare drew on the context of Petrarch's courtly love poetry in his depiction of Romeo's false love for Rosaline.
Vocab - Belligerent
Angry and ready to fight.
Vocab - Reconcile
Cause people to become friendly again after an argument.
Vocab - Conspire
Secretly plan with someone to do something harmful or illegal.
Vocab - Infatuated
Filled with foolish or very strong love.
Vocab - Oppression
To treat a person in a cruel or unfair way.
Vocab - allegiance
Loyalty to a person, country or group.
Vocab - Clandestine
Done in a private or secretive way
Vocab - Exile
Forced to leave your home and go to live in a foreign country
Vocab - Naive
Having a lack of experience or knowledge.
Vocab - Inevitable
Certain to happen
Dramatic Methods - Sonnet
A poem of 14 lines with a strict rhyme scheme, usually associated with love and romance in conflict.
Dramatic Methods - Verse
When the characters' words rhyme.
Dramatic Methods - blank verse
Two or more lines of iambic pentameter. It is usually spoken by the upper class.
Dramatic Methods - Iambic Pentameter
Ten syllables in each line, following a rhythmic pattern of unstressed-stressed.
Dramatic Methods - Prose
Lines which are not written in iambic pentameter/don't rhyme. It is usually spoken in the lower class.
Dramatic Methods - Rhyming couplets
2 lines next to each other ending in rhyme
Dramatic Methods - Pun
Using the double-meaning of a word for humour.
Dramatic Methods - Innuendo
Remark that suggests something sexual or something unpleasant but not referring to it directly.
Dramatic Methods - Symbolism
An object that stands for an idea, eg. 'light' standing for hope or heaven.
Dramatic Methods - Oxymorons
Juxtaposition of two contradictory words, e.g. 'heavy lightness'.
Dramatic Methods - Soliloquy
Talking while or as if alone; used to reveal a character's innermost thoughts.
Dramatic Methods - Dramatic irony
When the audience knows something the character on stage does not
Dramatic Methods - Foreshadowing
Hinting about something that will happen in the future
Dramatic Methods - Religious imagery
Words linked to religious ideas: God, pilgrims, angels, heaven, hell, etc.
Dramatic Methods - Light and darkness motif
Repeated symbolic references to light and darkness throughout the play
Dramatic Methods - Celestial imagery
Words linked to things 'above': heaven, angels, God, the sky, stars, moon, sun, other worlds.