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Dwight Obillos

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Branch of biology which deals with the structure, physiology, reproduction, evolution, diseases, economic uses, and other feature of plants.


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MCPH (BOTANY) - Details



384 questions
What special feature separates plants from animals?
They can produce their own food throug the process of photosynthesis
Subdisciplines of Botany
Plant Molecular Biology Plant Biochemistry Plant Cell Biology Plant Anatomy Plant Morphology Plant Physiology Plant Genetics Plant Ecology Plant Systematics Plant Taxonomy Paleobotany
What are the characteristics of plants?
1 Plants are highly organized (composed of building blocks cells) 2 Plants take in and use energy 3 Plants respond to stimuli 4 Plants grow and develop 5 Plants reproduce 6 Plant DNA transmits information from one generation to the next 7 Plant populations undergo genetic changes over time.
What is a unicellular plant?
Plants which contains a one / single cell
What is a multicellular plant?
Plants which contains million of cells living in it
Examples of unicellular organisms
Bacteria, archaea, unicellular fungi, and unicellular protists
Examples of multicellular organisms
Animals, plants, and fungi
Building blocks sequence
Atom > molecules > organelles > cells > tissues > organs > organ system
What are the two plant energy related activities?
1 Photosynthesis 2 Cellular Respiration
What happens to cellular respiration after photosynthesis?
The stored molecules will break down in the presence of oxygen and will be converted into energy in the form of ATP (Adrenosine Triphosphate)
What does asexual reproduction in plants means?
Produces plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant because no mixing of male and female gametes takes place.
What does sexual reproduction in plants means?
Flowering plants involves the production of male and female gametes. Through pollination process
Taxa Classifications (General to Specific)
1 Domain 2 Kingdom 3 Phylum 4 Class 5 Order 6 Family 7 Genus 8 Species
Domain consists of
1 Bacteria 2 Archaea 3 Eukarya
Bacterias are heterotrophics, what does that mean?
They obtain food and nutrition from other organisms
What is chemosynthetic organism
Primary source of energy comes from chemical reactions of inorganic molecules
What is the difference of bacterias and archaeas?
Archaeas can live in extreme environments like dead seas, active volcanoes.
What is the Domain Eukarya consist of?
1 Protista 2 Plantae 3 Animalia 4 Fungi
1 Multicellular 2 Eukaryotes 3 Photosynthetic 4 Cell wall composed of cellulose
1 Multicellular 2 Eukaryotes 3 Heterotrophic 4 move through muscular contraction
1 can be multicellular or unicellular 2 eukaryotes
What are the difference of mushroom with other plantae
They do not do photosynthesis. They are decomposers
What is decomposer
They absorb nutrients from dead organisms
Corn classification
Domain eukarya kingdom plantae phyla anthophyta class order family poaceae genus zea species mays
Eukaryote and Prokaryote comparison
Eukaryote and Prokaryote comparison
What is the function of plasma membrane
Regulates what can enter or what cannot enter inside a cell
Passage of Materials
Diffusion Osmosis Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport
Types of plastids
1 chroloplasts 2 leucoplasts 3 chromoplasts
Difference of Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis produces SOMATIC CELL (non reproductive) Meiosis produces GERM CELL (reproductive cells)
What is the end product of mitosis?
2 diploid-daughter cells
Cell cycle interphase
Cell cycle interphase
Types of Microscope
1 Light microscope 2 Electron microscope
Types of Preparations
1 Whole Mount Preparation 2 Surface-view Preparation 3 Squashing Preparation 4 Cross-section Preparation 5 Longitudinal Section Preparation
Plant grows into two different environments
1 Dark, moist soil (root) 2 Illuminated, relatively dry air. (shoot)
Main function is storage at
Cork parenchyma cells / Phelloderm