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level: Level 1

Questions and Answers List

level questions: Level 1

Basic communication needs and context specifics. You are able to communicate efficiently based on the context. Where the activity happensCoverage vocabulary
Messages related to timing enhancement Messages related to message acceleration Messages related to fatigue reductionWhat are the three different types of messages for quick retrieval?
Messages that require careful timing and are communicated in a timely manner. EX: pick up my feet before moving my wheelchairWhat is timing enhancement?
An encoding strategy is used so less keystrokes are needed to convey a message.What is message acceleration?
Reduce fatigue by moving an item on a page for easier and faster navigation. Typically done for complex medical conditionsWhat is fatigue reduction?
words or messages commonly used by a variety of individuals and occur very frequentlyCore vocabulary
Specific and unique to the individual that may not appear in core vocabulary Person with complex communication needs is the most important informantFringe vocabulary
Get a checklist of inventories Children learn from peers by observing. They only know the vocabulary that we provide them on their device.Environmental Inventories
speech and speech is used as message displayAuditory Scanning is presented as ........ and used as .......
Manual sign systemsWhat are unaided symbols?
Intelligibility Iconicity Motoric Complexity ASL/SEE/MCE Tactile signingWhat are the different types of unaided symbols?
if you do not know the language then it is not understandableIntelligibility
signs that are more easily recognized/learnediconcity
Signs using both hands Signs produced in neutral space Signs requiring a single or simple hand shape Signs that require a bi-directional movementMotor Complexity
signs that require bi-directional movementWhat complex motor complexity sign is learned first and considered easy to learn ?
has it own grammarASL- American Sign Language
Signs each of the English words ..... follows English grammarSEE- Sign Exact English
signing how the word looks, air signingMCE- manually coded sign
for those that are deaf and blind.Tactile signing
Real Objects Miniature Objects Partial Objects Artificially associated and textured objectsWhat are aided symbols: tangible symbols?
A symbol communicator that is NOT used for literacy! Photographs Lined-drawingsWhat are aided symbols: pictorial symbols?
Braille Fingerspelling (visual- ASL and tactile - dual sensory impairment)What are aided symbols: Orthography and Orthographic Symbols
Braille, fingerspelling, tactileWhat kind of symbols would you use for individuals with a dual sensory impairment?
Store complete words, phrases and sentences and assign a code to retrieve it. Encoding skillsWhat are rate enhancement techniques?
a good LTMWhat does memory based encoding require?
need good auditory and visual discrimination skillsWhat does display based encoding require?
For those who are blind the words are spoken aloud for them. The individual needs good attention and cognitive skills.What is an auditory display/presentation and what two skills are required of the individual?
No speech output Limited number of symbols Not good for syntactic purposesWhat are the limitations of a fixed screen display?
How the display is positioned relative to the position of the floor. (horizontal- on lap tray, their lap, table, or angled)What is orientation display?
Physical contact Physical pressure No contactDirect selection involves...
Actually touch the keyboardPhysical contact
Release activation and timed activationWhat are the two types of activation for physical contact direct selection?
Can touch any icon but will not be selected until you release itRelease activation
adjust the amount of time that the individual needs to hold down the button to make a selectionTimed activation
Pushing down the actual keyboardPhysical pressure
eye gaze, eye pointing, head mouseNo contact
Requires TWO switchesStep scanning
circular linear group-itemWhat are the scanning patterns?