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level: Ethics (20)

Questions and Answers List

level questions: Ethics (20)

i. Ethical Theory invokes the concept of HappinessWhat is the role of ethics in society?
Treat other how you’d like to be treatedWhat is the golden rule of ethics?
1. Mill’s Utilitarianism – Correct choice provide max benefit for max amount of people 2. Kant’s Formalism or Duty – Correct Choice is one where everyone follows an ethical route, which is highly process focused and doesn’t allow for white lies 3. Locke’s rights ethics – correct choice is one that doesn’t infringe on anyone’s basic rights 4. Aristotle’s virtue ethics – correct choice is a balance or happy mediumWhat are the 4 classical theories in ethics?
1. Society – the duty to the public is paramount to all others 2. Employers 3. Clients 4. Colleagues 5. Employees or subordinates 6. Profession 7. OneselfWhat are the 7 duties (to whom) of professional ethics?
1. Heath, safety and welfare of public is paramount 2. Competence and knowledge of work – refuse unfamiliar work 3. Act with integrity, honesty, fairness and objectivity 4. Know and comply with status, regulations, and by-laws 5. Enhance honesty, dignity and reputation of the professionEthical Behaviour has five sub parts:
1. Ethical Issues – identify main ethical problem 2. Generate alternatives – find solution not yet provided 3. Analysis – evaluate all solutions with respect to fairness, COE and Ethical Theories 4. Decision – Choose the least negative alternativeWhat acronym should be used for solving dilemmas (EGAD?)
1. Over-ruling technical recommendations – Formally make your recommendation known than stand back unless illegal or unethical 2. Illegal activates – refuse and provide an alternative 3. Breaching COE – refuse and provide an alternative 4. Conflict of Interest – announce the all interest and conflicts, if blatant step downWhat are some common issues and dilemmas faced in geoscience (4)?
1. Recognize and gather info (5Ws) 2. Define the ethical problem 3. Find alternative solutions 4. Evaluate alternatives using the law, COE, and ethical theories 5. Choose optimum or repeat 6. Implement best solutionWhat are 6 steps to use as a method for making ethical decisions?