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level: Reform and Reformers C19th

Questions and Answers List

level questions: Reform and Reformers C19th

1832What year was the Great Reform Act passed?
- shorter parliaments - end property qualifications - give the vote to all tax paying menWhat was the BPU's petition for? (3)
Thomas AttwoodWho was the leader of the Birmingham Political Union
3How many times did the House of Lords defeat Earl Grey's attempt for reform act?
- 56 very small locations could no longer elect their own MPs - 30 other smaller towns lose 1 MP - London and other large towns and cities gain more MPs - People who earn over £150 a year can vote - Votes increase from 435,000 to 642,000 - Rotten boroughs removedWhat were the terms of the Great Reform Act? (6)
They now had more power and representationWhy was it popular with the middle class?
They couldn't vote because they averaged at around £50 a yearWhy was the Great Reform Act unpopular with the working class?
- No secret ballot until 1872, votes were bought and lower class people that could vote had to vote for their factory or land owner - Only 1 in 7 men could vote -No women could voteWhy was the Great Reform Act not so great? (3)
- It proved change was possible - Middle class now able to vote so more change likely -Reduced power of king and landownersWhat was the significance of the Great Reform Act? (3)
- First industrialised nation - Middle class growth - couldn't vote - had money but no land - Working class growth - less landworkers needed - factories - Growth of towns and cities - more factories - Bad working and living conditions - Authorities scared of revolution - Communications improved - telegraph, penny post etcBritain at the start of C19th - Social and Economic (7)
- 2% of people could vote until 1832 - only 1 in 7 people could vote - No secret ballot until 1872 - MPs weren't paid - only wealthy people could afford to be one - No women could vote - Need for government reform - MC wanted more power and WC wanted better living and working conditionsBritain at the start of C19th - Political (5)
- Areas with tiny populations allowed to send in 2 MPs - Old Sarum - Highly populated areas like Birmingham weren't allowed to send in any MPs - no representationRotten boroughs (3)
- Areas owned by landowner who decided on the MP - no elections - Malton in Yorkshire and Highram Ferrers in NorthamptonshirePocket boroughs (2)
- Random rules as to who would vote (nothing standard) - E.g. If you had a fireplace or a lock on your door you could vote - Many working class qualified - Northampton had 1000 voters but St Germans only 20Potwalloper boroughs (4)
- Until 1872 - Had to shout out your vote - Some votes bought - Most had to vote for who their boss or landowner told them to - No true representationNo secret ballots (5)
- Disastrous for reformers - Gov scared of how big meeting was - Six acts passed - Henry hunt arrested and imprisoned for 2 years - Gov showed strong commitment to reform suppressionShort term consequences of the Peterloo massacre (5)
Henry HuntWho did those at the Peterloo massacre gather to hear speak?
- Banned all mass meetings of more than 50 people for radical reform - Flag carrying forbidden - Limited circulation of cheap newspapers - All of the above considered treason - Harder to campaignwhat were the Six Acts (5)
- Contributed to political change - All classes appalled by massacre - less support for Liverpool's government - Demonstrators gained moral highground - Many middle class factory owners and cotton merchants joined the reform - Public response was an important factor to the Great Reform Act - more men before had voting rightsMid-term consequences of the Peterloo massacre (5)
- 15 who died at Peterloo seen as martyrs - WC struggled for rights - Peterloo was battlefield for their campaign - Every Aug 16th - Peterloo victim names read out in Lancashire - Left wing people today still recognise those who risked their lives for democracy and free speechLong term consequences of the Peterloo massacre