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Questions and Answers List

level questions: Level 1

Constantine ordered Sunday should be a public holiday (year)321
A system of right conduct based on fundamental beliefs and obligation to follow certain codes, normsMorality
Having to do with purpose/designTeleology
God is fully revealed through ________Jesus
A world view centred on human interest and values, and the individual's capacity for self-realization through reason and actionHumanism
Person who first raised the possibility of A.IAlan Turning
He originated the "theory of action"Ludwig Wittgenstein
He said "be moderate in all things" and called this moderation the "mean"Aristotle
A world view that rejects religion and religious considerationSecularism
A theory that says knowledge comes from experience, or from evidence that can be perceived by the sensesEmpiricism
"An evil action cannot be justified by reference to a good intention" (first rule of natural law)Aquinas
“First they came for the Communists, but I was not a communist so I did not speak out……And when they came for me, there was no one left to speak out for me.”Martin Niemoeller
In the practical area of our lives, Kant suggested 3 areas of interest:God, Freedom and Immortality
A way of understanding texts and events to help us understand what they mean in the 21st centuryHermeneutics
Relating to one's own perceptionSubjective
View that behaviour is predetermined, whether by God or other causesPredestination
Catholic Quebecker who wrote "sources of the self" and "the making of modern identity"Charles Taylor
pertaining to the end of timeEschatological
He wrote "critique of pure reason" and "groundwork of the metaphysics of morals"Kant
"It is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except a good will"Kant
The central mystery of Christian faith and of Christian lifeTrinity
"The King's good servant, but God's first"Thomas More
Says we see God in the face of the OtherLevinas
The Word became flesh and lived among usJohn
"Duty is the necessity of acting from respect for the moral law"Kant
A person who acts freely and knowinglyAgent
God's name and meaningYaweh or I am
A word meaning dutyDeontological
“When I raise my arm, my arm goes up. And the problem arises: what is left over if I subtract the fact that my arm goes up”Wittgenstein
Original meaning of "thou shall not kill"Cannot kill fellow Jew
A non-JewGentile
To make less severeMitigate
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional and behavioural issuesPsychiatry
10 wordsDecalogue
Coined the term "naturalism"G.E Moore
Story of Moses and 10 commandments can be found in which 2 books:Exodus and Deuteronomy
Wrote his gospel for Jews to convince them Jesus is the MessiahMatthew
Wrote "Principa Ethica"G.E Moore
Naturalism goes back as far as the big scepticHume
Paul, before "conversion" was a member of what groupPharisees
These were Jesus' first visitors according to Matthew:Magi
Gospel delivers message that Jesus is for everyoneLuke
Coined the term A.IMcCarthy
Refused to sign Act of SuccessionThomas More
Dutch priest who lived rest of days at L'Arche Daybreak in TorontoHenry Nouwen
Gospel meansGood news
"It is certain that we will when we will, but He brings it about that we act"Augustine
A disorder marked by self-absorptionNarcissism
Preached pre-destinationJohn Calvin
Wrote "Summa Theologica"Aquinas
Born in Egypt to named parentsMoses
Wrote 'The interpretation of dreams"Freud
In his gospel says the kingdom of God is at handMatthew
Did not believe in free willManichaens
McGill professor and NDP memberCharles Taylor
First and shortest gospelMark
The second comingParousia
Moses name meaningIs Born
considered responsible for brining in "new penitential" practicesIrish and Celtic monks
Free self direction / responsibilityAutonomy
" “Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to fulfill…Therefore whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments, …will be called least in the kingdom of heaven;”Matthew
Believe that God saving a small group of people and condemning the rest is sacrilegiousPuritans
wrote "the republic"Plato
first 5 books of Old TestamentPentateuch or torah
________ considered ______ to be the Philosopher and rediscovered his writings from the ______ who had translated his work and kept it in libraries.Aquinas, Aristotle, Arabs
Philosophical view that nothing can be accepted as true unless it can be proven by reason aloneRationalism
Argued that the brain is a machine like everything else in natureThomas Huxley
analysis of text in its original contextExegesis
___ is to life as ___ is to deathEros, Thanatos
sophist from Plato's time who believed there is no truthCallicles
How to reason well in moral decision makingPrudence
Hebrew meaning is "because I drew him out of water"Moses
"Others are my hell"JP Sartre
Where they decided the Pope is infallible concerning faith and moralsVatican 1
A title meaning "my lord"Adonai
Hebrew term meaning "God"Elohim
The study of the mindPsychology
wrote "Leviathan"Hobbes
Where they decided Mary is the mother of Godcouncil of ephesus
"I think therefore I am"Descartes
God, I am lookingNarcissus
1st Christan MartyrStephan
God, I am lookingNarcissus
Where you can find Saul's conversationActs of the Apostles
Angel Gabriel appears to MaryLuke
An economic system based on private or corporate ownership and control of resourcesCapitalism
Jacob's nicknameIsreal
God's self gift of love to usGrace
From Augustine's time and gave free will too much powerPelagians
Teaching office of the churchMagisterium
title given to cheif followers of christApostle
“The greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people”Bentham
A world view whereby one attributes meaningfulness to life through one’s capacity and ability to purchase and consume economic goodsConsumerism
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word dwelt with God, the Word was God”John
Each used Mark's gospel to write theirs Matthew and Luke
Aquinas' feast dayJanuary 28
Wrote "a Theory of justice" in 1972John Rawls
Wrote "essay concerning human understandingLocke
Beatitudes are in which 2 gospelsMatthew and Luke
A world view that measures the value of all things according to the principle of usefulness-that which provides for the greatest pleasure or well being for the greatest numberUtilitarianism
Wrote "the principle of double effectAquinas
Restrain of human passions and appetites in accordance with reasonTemperence
The year of the Council of Nicea and who called it325, Constantine
He stated in his book, Decive , “Humans are wolves toward each other”.Hobbes
Wrote “Summa Contra Gentiles”Aquinas
Said Jesus was the perfect teacherMatthew
“The idea of infinity…is an overflowing of…new powers to the soul…-powers of welcome, of gift, of full hands, of hospitality.”Levinas
In his work, The Social Contract, states “Manwas born free, and he is everywhere in chains.”Jean-Jacques Rousseau
According to ___ the closest we come to the good is in _______. Because of that he thought a _______ would be the best type of kingPlato, contemplation, philosopher
Where they declared the mass can be celebrated in the Vernacular which means in the language of the peopleSecond Vatican Council, Vernacular
how to be courageous in the face of life’s difficultiesFortitude
Aquinas believed there were three virtues higher than the cardinal virtues being:Faith hope and charity
The language that would have been “the tongue” for Jesus and the Jews he lived withAramaic
Christian thinkers such as Augustine used the philosophy of ____ as a tool to make the Gospel understandablePlato
In the sermon on the mount, jesus said we are the ___ and light of the worldsalt
Anxious concern for anotherSolicitude
Jews probably stole the word sin from theBablyonions
“An eye for an eye, then makes the whole world blind”Ghandi
Peter's real name and meaningSimon, rock
The word cardinal comes from the latin wordHinge
In the beginning of his Gospel, Matthew’s points out that Jesus is related to the Jews’ most important king:David
he expressed the fact that Jesus is the new Torah in his gospelMatthew
For ______ it is each person for him or herself. Each has a “restlesse desire of Power after power, that ceaseth onely in Death.”Hobbes
Although his folks wanted him to be a great leader of the Church, he decided to join the DominicansAquinas
A philosophy based on the goodness of the human being, autonomy of the individual, and standing for the protection of economic, political and civil rights and freedoms.Liberalism
A doctrine that knowledge is not absolute, but is conditioned by relation to another.Relativism
1. Everyone has an extensive system of rights and freedoms. 2. Social or economic inequalities are justified if they benefit all of society, especially the disadvantaged. These are:Rawls' principals of justice
The integration of sexuality within the personchastity
For ______ this is the highest form of happiness “To act ethically, therefore, is to engage our capacity to reason as we develop good character”.Aristotle
believed that there were 2 types of reason, theoretical and practicalKant
In essence, ___ defines who you are and basically implies your genes rule supreme.DNA
Canadian philosopher who wrote “sources of the self”Charles Taylor
“The Word became flesh and lived among us”John
In 1534, he would not sign the Act of Succession and the Oath of SupremacyG.E Moore
For ______, “abstinence humanizes our desire for food, sobriety humanizes the pleasure of drinking and chastity humanizes our desire for sexual pleasure.Aquinas
“But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery….” This statement can be found inMatthew
The very first council of the Christian Church took place between the apostles and Paul inJeruselum
______ is credited with writing the majority of the Epistles in the New TestamentPaul
Wrote the book of ActsLuke
“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life”.John
_____ would say “the basis of society therefore is a tacit contract where individuals give up some of their appetite for power in exchange for the security of using their powers without fear of extreme violence”Hobbes
_______ stated the isolated person outside the polis. Must be either a “beast or a god”Aristotle
The first deaconStephan
The Aramaic word for DaddyAbba
Year Constantine moves from Rome to Constinople330
The 5 books that make up the TorahGenesis, Exodus, Leviticus, NumbersDeuteronomy
For ______, ethics operated on two levelsAquinas
was crucified upside downPeter
is the assembly or communion of the baptized followers of Jesusmass
Paul knew that two things especially would cause gentiles to not want to become Jewish before being Christian….Kosher law and circumcision
believed that we know what a perfect circle or square look like because we lived in a perfect world before we were born.Plato
Paul was put to death withBeheading
was against the sale of indulgencesMartin Luther
the 3 ways of pursuing the good areteleological, deontological, impact ofGospels
there is no such thing as something that is always right or wrong. What is good is what works. If it no longer works, it is no longer moral.Moral relativism
says Jesus was born in a mangerLuke
Thomas Aquinas described it as a higher form of happiness.Blessedness
draws people into themselves. “I’ll take care of myself and I expect others to do the same.” “I should not be expected to take on the burdens of others as well as my own.”Individualism
you can see the passage on the “Good Samaritan” in which gospelLuke
But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.Matthew
“When taking a journey, he armes himselfe, and seeks to go well accompaniedHobbes
The original moral sense which enables people to discern by reason what is good and what is evil, what is true and what is a lie.Natural Law
This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet, “Out of Egypt I have called my son.”Matthew
For this 20th century philosopher, he would believe it is all right for a doctor to make more money than many other professions because it would merit the rest of society, especially those who were in need.John Rawls