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Speech 101 Midterm


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General Purpose
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After you have answered the questions “Why am I talking?” and “Who’s listening?”, what’s the first thing you must decide upon when you begin to write a speech?

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193 questions
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General Purpose
After you have answered the questions “Why am I talking?” and “Who’s listening?”, what’s the first thing you must decide upon when you begin to write a speech?
PIE> Persuasive, informative, and entertainment.
What are the general purposes for speaking?
To educate, to teach the audience something new.
What is the goal of an informative speech?
Informative
What general purpose presents objective facts?
Entertainment
What general purpose is also called “after-dinner speaking?”
To amuse the audience
What is the goal of an entertainment speech?
Persuasive
What general purpose tells the audience either the pro or the con of an issue?
Persuasive
What general purpose uses subjective facts?
It allows you to spend more time writhing a high quality speech.
Why is it important to choose your topic quickly?
. 1.) magazines 2.) newspapers 3.) Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature
What are the three places I suggested you look if you’re having trouble choosing a topic?
Narrowing picks a more specific aspect of a general topic area so “Speech 101 at Morton College” would be an example of a narrowed topic. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’ve decided to present a speech about the general topic area of “Courses at Morton College.” How would you narrow this topic?
“How to choose a college” or “How to study for your SAT Test” would be examples. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
. Assume you’re preparing an informative speech on the broad topic area of “education”. How could you narrow this topic to suit an audience of high school juniors?
“You should enroll at Morton College” or “Don’t drop out of school” would be examples. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing a persuasive speech on the broad topic area of “education”. How could you narrow this topic to suit an audience of high school juniors?
“Job training that doesn’t require a high school diploma” and “How to register for the GED Exam” would be examples. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing an informative speech on the broad topic area of “education”. How could you narrow this topic to suit an audience of high school drop outs?
“You should take the GED Exam.” and “Go back to school.” would be examples. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing a persuasive speech on the broad topic area of “education”. How could you narrow this topic to suit an audience of high school drop outs?
“How to improve your study skills” and “Graduation requirements” would be examples. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing an informative speech on the broad topic area of “education”. How could you narrow this topic to suit an audience of college students?
Specific purpose
What expresses the “desired audience response” of a speech?
The specific purpose is never read to the audience.
After what portion of the speech do you read your specific purpose to the audience?
1. one major idea 2. be to the point. 3. be worded in terms of the audience.
What are the three things all good specific purposes should have or be?
The word “convince” is incorrect. Correct specific purposes begin “ ‘to persuade’, ‘to inform’ or ‘to entertain’ the audience…”
What is incorrect about the following specific purpose, “to convince the audience to attend Morton College”?
The word “people” is incorrect. Correct specific purposes begin “ ‘to persuade’, ‘to inform’ or ‘to entertain’ the audience…”
2. What is incorrect about the following specific purpose, “to persuade people to attend Morton College”?
“Good” is a subjective word. The specific purpose should begin “to persuade the audience…”
What is incorrect about the following specific purpose, “to inform the audience Morton College is a good community college”?
The body
Which part of the speech do you write first; the introduction, the body or the conclusion?
Thesis statement
What presents the most general idea of a speech?
The first sentence of the body
Where is the thesis statement usually found in a speech?
Problem/ solution order
In what main point organizational pattern is the thesis statement never the first sentence in the body?
To persuade the audience to try power walking (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re presenting a speech to a group of senior citizens encouraging them to engage in power walking. State an appropriate specific purpose for this speech.
You should try power walking. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
State an appropriate thesis statement for the previously-mentioned speech.
To inform the audience how to change a flat tire (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you are presenting a speech to this class explaining how to change a flat tire. State an appropriate specific purpose for this speech.
I’ll be showing you how to change a flat tire. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
State an appropriate thesis statement for the previously-mentioned speech.
A main point.
After the thesis statement, what is the next slightly more specific type of outline point?
Roman numerals (I., II., III., IV., V., VI., etc.
How are main points designated in an outline?
Main points
What type of outline point carries the organizational pattern of a speech?
To the thesis statement.
Main points must be relevant. Relevant to what?
No two main points should overlap by covering the same material
What is meant by the phrase “main points must be distinctly different”?
Procedural order.
What organizational pattern uses a time-based step-by-step format?
Chronological order
“January,” “February,” “March” and “April” would be examples of main points for what organizational pattern?
Procedural order
What organizational pattern is frequently used in recipes?
Comparative order
What is the only organizational pattern that may be used correctly with less than three main points?
Spatial order
“North”, “South”, “East” and “West” would be examples of main points for what organizational pattern?
Chronological order
What organizational pattern arranges main points by time, first event to last event, usually referring to events that occurred in the past?
Thesis Statement: I’m going to tell you about the first three Presidents of the United States. I. Washington II. Adams III. Jefferson (More than one correct answer is possible for the thesis statement phrasing.)
Assume you are preparing a speech with the specific purpose, “to inform the audience about the first three Presidents of the United States.” State a thesis statement and three chronological main points.
Spatial order
What organizational pattern arranges main points according to geographic locations?
I. North America II. Europe III. Asia
Assume you are giving a speech with the thesis statement “Deforestation has effected every continent in the Northern Hemisphere.” State three spatial main points.
Causal order
What organizational pattern contains either a final effect or an initial cause in the thesis statement?
Thesis Statement: The class performed poorly on the test for many reasons. I. They didn’t read the textbook. II. They didn’t take good notes. III. They were out late partying the night before the test. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you are preparing a speech with the specific purpose, “to inform the audience why the class performed poorly on the test.” Write an appropriate thesis statement and three causal main points.
Topical order
What organizational pattern uses component parts of the thesis statement to create main points?
I. Planets II. Comets III. Asteroids (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing a speech with the thesis statement, “There are many different objects in our solar system.” State three topical main points.
1.) present a problem 2.) present a solution 3.) defend the solution
What are the three steps of problem/solution order?
Step #2. The thesis statement begins presenting the solution.
What problem/solution step begins with the thesis statement?
“benefits” and “advantages”
What two words frequently signal the beginning of a problem/solution defense step?
A predicted final effect
Assume you’re preparing a speech using causal order. If your thesis statement expresses an initial cause what must each main point express?
I. It would be easier to make a left turn from Central Avenue. II. Less students would be late for class. III. Less traffic congestion at the other entrances (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you’re preparing a speech with the thesis statement, “This college should put up a stoplight at the Central Avenue parking lot exit.” State three causal main points.
I. Students would be more comfortable. II. Students would want to come to class. III. Students would perform better. (More than one correct answer is possible.)
Assume you are preparing a speech with the thesis statement, “Our speech class should meet in a different room.” State three causal main points.
Comparative order
What organizational pattern compares and contrasts?
Morton College would be the same subpoint following each main point.
Assume a speech is using the first type of comparative order. Main point I is “Morton College”. Where would you write “Morton College” if you changed to the second type of comparative order?
I. Morton College A. Baseball B. Basketball C. Track II. Joliet Junior College A. Baseball B. Basketball C. Track
Assume you’re presenting a speech with the thesis statement, "Both Morton College and Joliet Junior College have extensive sports programs.” Create sample outlines using each type of comparative order. Do not go beyond the subpoint level.
The body
What is the only portion of a speech written in outline form?
Numbers (1.,2.,3.,4.......)
How are support points designated in an outline?
Subpoints (A.) (B.)....
What type of outline point is designated by capital letters?
Lower case letters
How are further support points designated in an outline?
One
What is the maximum number of ideas a single outline point may contain?
One
How many subpoints, support points and further support points may you never have in an outline?
Three to five main points
Typically, how many main points will most speeches have?
1.) You’re saying something you can’t prove. 2.) You’re repeating yourself.
What two mistakes might you be making if you only have one subpoint, support point or further support point in a speech?
1.) Think of another subpoint, support or further support point so there would be two of them. 2.) Combine the one subpoint, support or further support point with whatever point came before it.
Assume you’ve written a speech with only one subpoint, support point or further support point. After you’ve realized your error, what two techniques can you use to correct your mistake?
A series of commas or the words “and” or “or” in the middle of an outline point
What are two indications you may have more than one idea in an outline point?
Capitalize it
What should you do to the first letter of the first word in every outline point?
Impromptu
What delivery style is used when little or no preparation time is available?
Manuscript
In what delivery style do you write the speech word for word in paragraph form?
Manuscript
What delivery style should be used when maintaining exact wording, such orally interpreting poetry or prose, is important?
Extemporaneous
What delivery style are we using in our major speeches?
Memorized
What more time-consuming delivery style produces improved audience-speaker contact?
The nonverbal message
Which message will be believed if conflicting verbal and nonverbal messages are given?
1.) walk for a reason 2.) walk to a destination
How should your decide what clothes to wear when you are presenting a speech?
In front of your sternum (upper rib cage) over the top of the lectern
Where should your hands be placed for convenient gesturing?
Rate
What term describes to how slowly or quickly you speak?
Volume
What term describes to how loudly or softly you speak?
Pausing
What delivery technique emphasizes important ideas and allows the audience time to consider them?
Say it correctly and keep going
What should you do if you make a mistake when you’re speaking?
Say them longer
One of the ways to emphasize key words is saying them louder. What is the other way?
Practice in front of a live audience
What is the most important thing you can do to improve your delivery?
1.) Put your hands in front of your sternum. 2.) Tell someone about your speech and see what gestures you do naturally.
Assume you’re having trouble gesturing. What techniques can you use to improve your hand gestures?
Two
What is the minimum number of evidence types needed to fully support a main point?
1.) expanded factual examples 2.) testimony 3.) figurative analogies
What three evidence presentation methods were described as having stronger emotional appeal?
Evidence
What do you call facts or expert opinions proving a generalization?
Three
How many different illustration types are there?
. by making comparisons
How do analogies present evidence?
Illustrations
What evidence type uses story form?