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URINARY SYSTEM


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[Front]


2 kidneys; 2 ureters; 1 urinary bladder; 1 urethra
[Back]


The urinary system consists of:

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URINARY SYSTEM - Details

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38 questions
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1. renal capsule (deep) 2. adipose tissue (intermediate) 3. renal fascia (superficial)
Layers of the tissue that surrounds the kidneys (deep to superficial)
1. renal cortex (superficial) 2. renal medulla (deep)
A frontal section through the kidneys reveals two distinct regions:
Sympathetic division of the ANS
The renal nerves are part of the
1200mL/per minute
In adults, the renal blood flow to both kidneys is about:
R.S.I.A.I.A.G.E.P.I.A.I.R.
Blood supply of the kidneys:
1. renal corpuscle 2. renal tubule
Each nephron consist of:
1. glomerulus 2. glomerular (bowman's) capsule
The renal corpuscle consists of:
1. PCT 2. LOH 3. DCT
The renal tubule consists of:
1 million
The kidneys has about..........nephrons
Cortical
About 80-85% of the nephrons are:
Juxtamedullary
About 15-20% of the nephrons are:
Modified simple squamous epithelial cells (podocytes)
The visceral layer of the glomerular capsule consists of:
Simple squamous epithelium
The parietal layer of the glomerular capsule consists of:
Simple squamous epithelium
The descending and thin ascending limb of the LOH are composed of:
Simple cuboidal to low columnar epithelium
The thick ascending limb of the LOH is composed of:
Simple cuboidal epithelial cells
Most of the DCT is composed of :
Simple cuboidal epithelium consisting of principal and intercalated cells
Last part of the DCT AND collecting duct is composed of:
1. macula densa 2. juxtaglomerular cells of the afferent arteriole
What makes up the juxtaglomerular appartus (JGA)