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level: Level 1

Questions and Answers List

level questions: Level 1

Teachings while moving from place to placePeripatetic
Understanding something based on its final purpose not the processTeleological
3 beliefs about SocratesSophist, impiety, weaker argument stronger
3 groups socrates went to see to find wise menPoliticians, Poets, Artisans
First questions Socrates asked about corrupting youth and their answerWho is a good influence on youth. Everybody but Socrates
Second question socrates asked about corrupting youth and answerIs he corrupting voluntarily. Yes
Third question about corrupting youth and answerHow hes corrupting. Impiety
3 penalties socrates could have proposed instead of death sentenceExile, Prison, Fine
Two reactions to his death sentenceMistake they'll regret. Gaun a bad reputation amd lose his services
Forms being above and beyond everything elseTranscendent
Opposite of transcendentImmanent
What are the 3 characteristics of the formstranscendent, eternal, true cause of knowledge
Forms are transcendent as -------- is immanentParticulars
Literal meaning of philosphylove for wisdom
book definition of philosophyattempt to formulate a rational, coherent, complete and applicable explanation of human experience
Branch of philosophy concerned with knowledgeepistemology
Branch of philosophy concerned with right and wrongEthics
Branch of philosophy concerned with proper reasoningLogic
Branch of philosophy concerned with nature of beauty and artsaesthetics
Branch of philosophy concerned with realitymetaphysics
synonyms for forms(4)ideas, ideals, itself, intelligibles
synonyms for particulars(2)sensibles , facts
How are sophists different from philosophers(3)charges to teach, don't believe in truth, look like it
List the philosophers in order of teacher to studentSocrates-Plato-Aristotle-Alexander the Great
who else was a disciple of socratesPhaedo
Which philosopher did alexander the great prefer insteadDiogenes
What type of philosopher was Diogenese and explainCynic - ridiculed societal values and customs
Who went to the market place and what is the market place calledSocrates, Agora
Asking questions till they contradict themselvesSocratic Method
Why does Socrates compare himself to a gadflyJust as a gadfly stings a lazy horse, he provokes athens to seek further knowledge
What is the inner conscious that stops Socrates from doing something wrongDaimon
What does socrates think happens at the end of life(2)Nothingness and soul's journey into heaven
What was Socrates more concerned about on his trialPopular prejudice
What does Socrates claim when he is called the wisest in AthensI know nothing
What are the two formal charges brought up against SocratesImpiety and corrupting the youth
What was the apologyJustification instead of being sorry
What do the shadows representParticulars/lower forms
What does the sun representGoodness
What do the prisoners representPeople at the sense level
What do the actual objects representThe forms
What does Plato refer to as recollectionAnamnesis
What is recollectionPeriod in between lives when the soul is with the forms
3 Reasons the soul immortalsoul rules body, life and death are a cycle, soul is not a compound like the body so it is not broken down
what is the purpose of life according to PlatoTo prepare for death
what is purpose of life according to AristotleTo achieve happiness
why did Socrates wants to pay a cock before he diesHe's been healed from humanity or Plato was sick and wanted him to be healed
How does Aristotle disagree with Plato on the formsBelieves form and matter are inseparable
name the four causesmaterial, formal, efficient, final
by which a thing is madeefficient
out of which a thing is madematerial
into which a thing is madeformal
for which a thing is madefinal
here is Athens fromGreece
Name of Aristotle's schoolLyceum
Who drew the paintingRafael
who used as a model for PlatoLeonardo Da Vinci
Another name for happinessEudaimonia
what is the only unique thing to just humansRational thoughts
what is the deficiency and excess temperanceinsensitivity and intemperence
what is the deficiency and excess generosityStinginess and extravagance
What is not required but helps to achieve happiness easilyexternal goods
Is happiness objective or subjective whyObjective cuz one can be wrong about it
3 rules of guidance to being virtuousAvoid the extreme. Note errors your're likely to make. Be careful of pleasure
3 criteria in order for an action to be virtuousknow what he is doing. do it freely and for the sake of the action. firm and unchanging character
making pleasure the soul aim in lifehedonism
making familiar through frequent repetitionhabituation
How does virtue compare to the artsThey both require technique practice
Define Aristotle's paradoxone must practice virtuous act in order to be virtuous but wouldnt one already be virtuous if they did virtuous things
Answer to paradoxAccidental good actions are not virtuous actions
What is moral educationletting children feel pain and pleasure in order to practise virtues
one swallow does not make a spring meansone good does not make a happy fluorished life