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level: Level 1

Questions and Answers List

level questions: Level 1

Infection (viral, bacterial)Intrinsic
Tissue stressed to the point of mechanical failure due to excessive forceExtrinsic
Direct immediate consequence of excessive force (trauma)Primary Injury
Delayed injury some time after initial traumaSecondary Injury
Mechanical failure of soft tissue due to excessive force occurring in a single bout Sudden onset of short durationAcute Injury
Mechanical failure of soft tissue due to repeated micro-trauma occurring over an extended period of time Gradual onset and are of prolonged durationChronic Injury
Exposed Breaks the surface of the skinOpen
Unexposed Any injury that does not involve disruption of the skin surfaceClosed
Extent of deformation under loading Degree of deformation depends on: Tissue composition Speed of applied load Frequency of loading Direction of loadingDeformation/Strain
Tension Compression Shear Bending Torsion CombinedSix primary mechanical forces that cause injury
Creates a pulling action trying to elongate the structureTension
Creates a pushing action tending to shorten the structureCompression
Tissue is seldom loaded in one mode only Subjected to multiple indeterminate loadsCombined loading
Bone name Diaphysis, epiphysisDescription of Fracture: Site
Partial, completeExtent
Open, closedDescription of Fracture: Relationship to environment
60-80 for adults 80-100 for childrenPulse
If an athlete appears to have a fracture, any suspected fracture should be splintedSplinting Injuries
Rigid splints Vacuum Splints Sam SplintsSplint Types
History Observation Palpation Special testsHOPS
Range of Motion Strength Testing Joint Stability Testing Functional Performance TestingSpecial Tests
Rest, Ice, Compression, ElevationRICE
Going for a run and your body heats upMetabolic Heat Production
Direct physical contact with an object/structure Heat is then transferred into or out of the bodyConductive Heat Exchange
Body heat can be either lost or gained depending on the temperature of the circulating mediumConvective Heat Exchange
Radiant heat from sunshine causes an increase in body temperatureRadiant Heat Exchange
Sweat glands in skin transport water to the surface Effects of HumidityEvaporative Heat Loss
Minimal rate = 7-10oz every 10-20 minutesMaintain Proper Hydration
Heat Cramps Heat Syncope Heat Exhaustion Heat StrokeHeat Illness
Causes your body to overheatHumidity