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Exam 2 Chapter 6

In English

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Kyra Cavanaugh

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1. Attachment of muscles through tendons 2. Protection of vital organs such as nervous system in cranial cavity 3. Reservoirs of minerals such as calcium and phosphorous 4. Hemopoiesis: manufacture of blood cells in red bone narrow 5. Storage of triglycerides (fat storage) stored in yellow marrow

Discuss the 5 functions of support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, and triglyceride storage.

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Exam 2 Chapter 6 - Details



59 questions
Shaft hollow in middle of bone and contains mostly yellow marrow
Diaphysis in Long Bone and what type of marrow?
Runs length of diaphysis and contains yellow marrow (storage of triglycerides)
Medullary cavity in long bone and what type of marrow?
Between diaphysis and epiphysis
Metaphysis in long bone
Osteoprogenitor cells and osteoblasts
Inner layer of Periosteum contains what cells?
Dense irregular CT (fibrous layer)
Outter layer of periosteum is made of what CT?
Osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts
Endosteum of long bone consists of what cells?
Covers each epiphysis Hyaline cartilage
Articular cartilage of long bone covers what surface and is made of what cartilage?
Friction and damage at joints
What does articular cartilage prevent?
-Develop from monocytes Release collagenase and acids -Located in endosteum
Osteoclasts: develop from? Releases what that digests bone? Location?
Osteoprogenitor, osteoblasts, osteocytes, bone lining cells, and osteoclasts
Soft Organic Components: which cells allow bone to resist tension (stretch)
Normal bone growth in young people
Growth Hormone (pituitary gland and thyroxin)
Broken ends protrude through skin
Compound/open fracture
Bone is crushed or driven into another bone
Compression/Impacted fracture